In the Name of Allah (God Almighty), Most Gracious, Most Merciful
These words were used as a conclusion for the Qur'anic texts which described the stages of development of the human conceptus.
The verb 'Khalaqa' in Arabic can be used to give four meanings:
1) Creation from nothingness and without a previous example. This is not possible
except for Allah (God Almighty);
The work of those who make things from existing materials or of those who plan and programme cannot be likened to the work of Allah (God Almighty) Who created and programmed the human being during the stages of Nutfah and developing him/her through Alaqah, Mudghah, Bones, Clothing of Bones with Flesh and the Nash'ah stage. "So Blessed be Allah (God Almighty), the Best to Create".
The Holy Qur'an makes the creation of man one of the signs of faith,
"WERE THEY CREATED BY NOTHING?"
The answer is obviously negative, because nothingness cannot originate anything. One of the basic principles of modern science is to find a cause for every observation.
"WERE THEY CREATED BY NOTHING, OR WERE
The answer is again negative. Everyone knows that if the human being could create himself/herself, he/she would have made everything in himself/herself perfect and would have brought himself/herself back from the dead. This is impossible to believe because we all know that the human being cannot oven create a fly.
Further, one cannot imagine that the origin of the human being was the work of the reproductive systems, the testes, ovaries, uterus or some substance like the genes etc. The creation of a new individual is not possible without the work of all vital systems in the father and the mother which enable the reproductive systems to function. This series of supportive functions can be considered to include even the systems of our ancestors. It can be concluded therefore, that neither nothingness nor parts of the human being can give rise to a new individual nor can the human being create himself/herself.
The Holy Qur'an poses the question to those that disbelieve;
"DO YOU THEN SEE WHAT YOU EMIT.
If the response to this question was that the origin of the human being was the result of random chance, the Holy Qur'an gives a third answer:
"AND ALSO IN YOUR OWN SELVES, WILL YOU NOT
"VERILY IN THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH ARE SIGNS FOR THOSE WHO
BELIEVE. AND IN THE CREATION OF YOURSELVES AND THE FACT THAT ANIMALS ARE SCATTERED
(THROUGH THE EARTH), ARE SIGNS FOR THOSE OF ASSURED FAITH"
These Qur'anic verses and several others tell us that there is a close relationship between various creatures and the Creator. Every part of the creation was made by the Creator and every part or description of the created tells us something of the Power and Characteristics of the Creator. On the basis of this rule we contemplate into the creation of the human being and ask ourselves - Does it bear the signs of originating by chance or does it bear the marks of Allah (God Almighty) having created it?
The Probabilities of Chance
Protein molecules are an important constituent of the structure of living cells. They are made of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen oxygen and sulphur. Theses molecules are structures which may contain tens of thousands of atoms. There are about 92 naturally occurring elements which are randomly scattered. The probability of union of five elements of the protein molecule to form one protein molecule can be calculated to find out the proportions of matter which interact to give rise to one of these molecules, and, to find out the time required for this reaction and union of the atoms (Frank Allen).
It has been calculated that the probability of the factors concerned to produce a protein molecule by chance is only 1 in 10160 , and, the quantities of interacting substances to produce this molecule have been estimated to be so collosal as to be millions of times bigger than the universe. The time required was calculated to be 10243 years (Charles Ugene Guy).
How many protein molecules are there in one cell? And how many molecules of other compounds? And how many molecules are there in all the cells of the body? The total number of these comes to about 6 billion at birth? The making of all this takes only 9 months. Does this process repeat itself every day in millions of embryos by mere chance?
Al-Nutfah Al-Amshaj (the zygote) develops into billions of cells by the end of term. Each group of these cells has been prepared to carry out specific functions and was directed to a specific position in the body of the embryo with perfect timing during a complex process of ever-changing creation. Each of these organs has been constructed physically and chemically for the physiological and biochemical functions for which it was planned. Furthermore, each of the organ systems has been closely related and connected with other systems for co-ordination of their functions.
The question arises: Can this structural and functional co-ordination occur by chance and repeat itself regularly and consistently in human embryos and those of animals and plants? It is far more logical to say that the letters and words in this document, its headings and figures and thousands of its copies have come together by chance or as a result of an earthquake.
Thoughtful analysis of the stages of the conceptus will reveal the following:
Based on the above, there is no evidence that the process of creation occurs by chance. The discussion of chance has been used for the sake of argument only.
There is ample evidence that the conceptus is created by One who knows everything. The new individual stays for nine months in the mother's uterus to be prepared for life in a completely different environment. In the complete darkness of the uterus, it becomes equipped with eyes sensitive to light. While immersed in amniotic fluid, it becomes equipped with a pair of lungs suitable for inspiration of air. While encapsulated within the membranes and walls of the uterus, the legs and feet are formed to be used at a later date. Does not the preparation of the embryos and foetuses of all animals, for an environment other than the one in which they are made, not witness that this is the work of One most knowledgeable of the environment of the uterus as well as that of the external world.
The maintenance of homeostatic balance of various components in the body such as glucose, water, blood pressure, blood pH and temperature; and the mechanisms that control this, is cause for wonder and can only be the work of The Creator. Relationships can be seen, for example, in the function of the pylorus with those of the stomach and the intestines, which are closely linked with the blood circulation which is dependent on the lungs for the intake of oxygen and the latter is a by-product of photosynthesis. This function of vegetation depends on the sun; which in turn is in equilibrium with the solar system and the latter with the galaxies. Should the equilibrium be disturbed in any part of this series of inter-related parts, it will affect the other parts. The close inter-relationships of the laws of the universe point to the Unity of the Creator, Who is perfect in Knowledge and Wisdom.
If there were more than one Creator, then we would have seen evidence of different wills and different manifestations of these wills. The Holy Qur'an states:
"OR HAVE THEY TAKEN (FOR WORSHIP) FROM THE EARTH WHO CAN RAISE (THE
DEAD)? IF THERE WERE IN THE HEAVENS AND THE EARTH OTHER GODS BESIDES ALLAH (GOD ALMIGHTY),
THERE WOULD HAVE BEEN CONFUSION IN BOTH! BUT GLORY TO ALLAH (GOD ALMIGHTY) THE LORD OF THE
THRONE: (HIGH IS
Who is the Creator?
Nothingness does not create, therefore there must be a Creator for the human being.
Human beings do not create themselves, therefore there must be a Creator for the human being.
Chance cannot create order and cannot govern the unity of the universe quantitatively, qualitatively and in the dimensions of time and space. The One Creator who controls all these events has the ultimate knowledge of all what goes on within the universe, the One Who is full of Wisdom. He Who has Power over all things.
The above descriptions cannot be ascribed to nature or a part of it. Therefore, there must be the descriptions of the Creator of the universe and He is Allah (God Almighty).
The Unity of the order of the universe is evidence for the unity of the Will that governs it and that there are no other wills controlling the universe. The whole universe, thus witnesses that there is no God (worthy of worship) but Allah (God Almighty).
Allah (God Almighty), glory be to Him, says in the Holy Qur'an:
The aforegoing material have been extracted from the textbook of embryology, "The Developing Human", by Professor Keith L. Moore (M.Sc., Ph.D., F.I.A.C., F.R.S.M.), Professor and Chairman, Department of Anatomy, University of Toronto, Faculty of Medicine, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, with Islamic Additions (Correlation Studies with Qur'an and Hadith) prepared in conjunction with Sheikh Abdul-Majeed A. Azzindani and the Embryology Committee of King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah.
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